Meet the Crew: Terri Carroll

Terri Carroll, Assistant to Jeff Greason, CTO


Terri Carroll retires  in June of 2015, and has been an integral part of XCOR for nearly a decade. We caught up with her recently to recap her tenure at XCOR, and learn what experiences have meant the most in that time.

When I first came here in 2007, the question from Aleta Jackson was,  “Can you come in and help us out for a couple weeks?” Aleta wanted me to answer the door since all of our offices were quite a distance from the lobby. Just answering the door wasn’t keeping me busy so I started looking for projects. I began archiving the backlog  of photos and newspaper and magazine clippings. Every time someone needed something done, I raised my hand and in the process turned a temporary job into the most exciting and rewarding job I’ve ever had.

When I started, there were about twenty people here, and everybody who worked here was passionate about going to space. Nearly from the beginning I started working with teachers, including the Teachers in Space program, and we turned that into a real educational outreach program.


Letter excerpt from a grade school student who wrote to Terri after a visit from XCOR.

I’d known all of XCOR’s founders from their Rotary Rocket days. I was the editor of the Mojave Desert News, reporting and doing photography, and the airport was part of my beat. So that’s how we met. I actually wrote the first news story about XCOR in 1999.

What I appreciate most about XCOR is that this company has given me so many opportunities to do things that I never imagined when I first started. They have given me free rein to grow the education program, and that’s the most meaningful thing I have done here. To go out and talk to kids, to encourage them to be excited about space travel and exploration the way my generation was when Alan Shepard did the first suborbital flight, that’s what excites me.

Now, with the space program there is still important and exciting science going on…  but it’s not plastered all over the news. It is almost invisible. Without XCOR and other space companies going out and showing kids what’s actually possible again, they may not see the story. As small as this company is, we have become the example of how you take space outside this building and show these kids what they can do. I think that’s important. For us, educational outreach isn’t just a program, it’s a responsibility.

rocket terri

Terri ready to take the stick on the Rocket Racer

The most exciting day at work was 10/1/2010, when I flew in the X-Racer. That was the most exciting [by far]. And the most exciting part of that day was liftoff. Being scared of rollercoasters I argued with myself for weeks ahead of the flight—can I do this? The thrill of the instant acceleration  when Rick lit those engines. Instant acceleration down the runway, then going vertical. Dan always retells the story of how when I landed I wanted to keep going, wanted to fly again.

I loved space since I was 10 years old, so to spend the last 8 years of my working career at XCOR has been beyond a dream come true.

Meet the Crew: Erik Anderson, XCOR Senior Engineer

11-12-08_flight-weight-nose-6116Bryan Campen: What are you doing in this shot, and what are you thinking?

Erik Anderson: I’m thinking, “man, that was a lot of sanding.” But what I’m doing there is finishing up the first (flight!) nose cap for Lynx, just trimming up the edge that mates with the vehicle. So I was really a lot happier than I look in that shot.

BC: What’s your title? What do you do at XCOR?

EA: Senior Engineer, so that means a little of everything: avionics, pilot interfaces, and let’s see, I’m in the electrical shop right now, and of course the ULA program. Whatever needs doing.

BC: And you were a C-130 pilot?

EA: Yep for 16 years.

BC: How many years have you been at XCOR?

EA: Three and a half. I started as the composites technician, though Senior Engineer was the title.

BC: What were you doing before XCOR?

EA: I was a Second Lieutenant in the Air Force, Delta 2 Engineer in the Delta 2 program, based in Los Angeles. Launched GPS satellites for the Air Force. I was an intern with the Aerospace Corp, the federally funded R&D center the Air Force keeps onhand. Trajectory analysis and vehicle design for advanced concepts. Sixteen years driving a Herc, of course, four operational tours in Arkansas, Japan and Alaska.

BC: Family?

EA: I have a saintly wife and two adorable kids–a girl who’s seven and a boy, nine. The boy wants to be a spaceship pilot when he grows up and the girl wants to be a princess.

We’ve got it all covered.

BC: What are you reading right now?


EA: Just finished The Martian by Andy Weir, it is an awesome book. It’s an Amazon Indie special from an author nobody heard of before now. It’s excellent, about a guy who through a complete accident is believed dead and left behind after an early Mars landing. His survival is a real challenge and it’s a very gripping story.

BC: What’s your favorite space-themed movie?

EA: Apollo 13.

BC: Ok, but what’s your favorite movie?

EA: Still Apollo 13!

BC: Do you have a favorite saying?

EA: No I really don’t. I like ‘em all. Sometimes I’ll fasten on one, then it gets overused and I move on from it.

BC: Will you fly on Lynx?

EA: [Laughter] Several times a day. You can put that down.

BC: I see you flying to and from work sometimes.

Erik on the afternoon commute

Erik in the XCOR parking lot

EA: Occasionally I commute on my Long EZ. I built it myself, it’s a Mojave-designed airplane (designed by Burt Rutan).

I started at XCOR in the composite shop on the strength of building that airplane.

Mojave is the sort of place where you can taxi-up with your resume.

Meet the Crew: Mark Peck, Mechanical Engineer

Bryan Campen: What’s your title? What are you working on right now?

Mark Peck: Mechanical Engineer. My projects are the 3N22 (RCS thruster) and the control stick mount [note: we will post on the control stick mount in the near future]. Other than that I expedite all the machine shop parts being built, and I work with about 20 different shops.

13-10-02_RCS-quick-release-mount-3021Bryan Campen: What’s happening in this shot?

Mark Peck: There will be twelve thrusters on Lynx. And once we are flying, we need to be able to rapidly remove the whole thruster module from Lynx and test it. We are plumbing the thruster in a new way to make it easy to change  between flights and for testing. We’ll be able to simply pull the thruster module for maintenance and find out what we need right on the test bench.

BC: So what’s your nickname?

MP: Dragster. I drag race.

BC: How long have you been at XCOR?

MP: About nine months, since January 2013.

BC: Background and hobbies?

MP: Drag racing was my profession before this, fishing is my hobby. My 12 year old boy was just asked to take the SAT at Duke University. Apparently he is in the top five percent of the nation for seventh-graders.

BC: Wow.

MP: Thank God he gets his smarts from his mom. [laughter]


Mark Peck with his son and daughter at the Veteran Memorial in Midland, Texas (2012)

BC: Stupid question, but do you still work on cars?

racecarsnewwraps 070

We all three have dragster race cars, my two kids and me. I’m hoping by next season my kids and I will have our cars back together and go back racing again. We built all of our cars ourselves.

BC: What’s your favorite movie?

MP: Transformers. I always wanted to build one.

BC: What about your favorite space-themed movie?

MP: Just has to be Star Trek.

BC: Yeah but which one?

MP: The first one. I’m that old. [laughter] 001-the_motion_picture_poster

BC: What are you working on right now, this very minute? 

MP: I’m working on a dune buggy in my shop in Midland. Putting some new geometry on it to make the suspension work right (a new sand rail).

BC: Do you have a favorite saying? 

MP:  Everybody makes mistakes. It’s not the past, it’s the future that makes us who we are. That’s what shapes your character.

BC: Who said that?

MP: I did.

BC: Will you fly on Lynx? 

MP: I will, yes. In a heartbeat. Hopefully next year I’ll also go over 200 miles per hour in my 1800 horsepower dragster as well!



Meet the Crew: Derek Nye, XCOR A&P


Bryan Campen: What are you doing in this photo? What are you thinking?

Derek Nye: I think this was the first time we had the gear assembled, and I was going over and becoming more familiar with the gear. It was just introduced to me that day, and since I am an A&P and have knowledge of gear and pistons, I familiarized myself with the nose gear.

BC: What’s your title? What are your responsibilities?

DN: Composites Tech and A & P. Responsibilities include producing mockups of various parts of the Lynx, either in carbon fiber, fiberglass, or other composites materials we are interested in building for Lynx. For example I recently finished building a ladder (below) that one of our engineers designed so that we can test whether the design works or not. photo(1)

Previous responsibilities also include serving on the 5K18 red team test crew, where I had fabricated pressure lines, and maintained the Lynx engine for testing.

BC: Do you have a nickname?

DN: D-Nye (“Dee-nigh”)

BC: How many years have you been at XCOR?

DN: I’ve been here about a year and a quarter now.

BC: I hear you also like video games. What are you currently playing?

DN: Love XBOX, and my favorite  game is probably Mass Effect. A couple others: Red Dead Redemption and LA Noire.


Pictured: The Nye family on a recent evening stroll.

My wife and I have the Halo series as well, so we play that.

BC: What are you currently reading?

DN: I do a lot of audiobooks. When I  read I tend to read more nonfiction than fiction—for instance science, politics, psychology. Currently reading Free Will by Sam Harris and a book called Quiet by Susan Kane.

Quiet is about people who are naturally more introverted, and how that skillset is eroded by a more imposed cultural norm of extroversion. I’m also reading How the Mind Works by Steven Pinker, a pretty good neurology book.

BC: Favorite saying?

kingDN: “Nothing is more dangerous in all the world than sincere ignorance and conscientious stupidity.” –Martin Luther King

BC: Will you fly on Lynx?

DN: Definitely.

Meet the Crew: Geoffrey Licciardello, Test Engineer

Every few weeks we break from technical posts and run a set of short interviews on the people behind Lynx. We want to make sure you hear the story of both Lynx development and those who are Lynx, the people who design and build it every day.

Welcome to the XCOR Crew series. And send your feedback in the comments or to bryan [at] xcor [dot] com.

First up, Test Engineer Geoffrey Licciardello…

12-08-14_first-Lynx-cold-flow-7936From right to left: Geoffrey Licciardello and Jeremy Voigt during some of the first Lynx cold flow tests

Bryan Campen: So what are you up to in this shot, and what are you thinking?

Geoffrey Licciardello: This is during some of the first Lynx cold flows we ever did, well over a year ago now, if memory serves. I think we were doing LOX cold flows in prep for our first pump fed 5K18 hotfire. I don’t remember if a specific thought was going through my mind at that instant, but it was probably something along the lines of “I hope we can finish this test before midnight.”

BC: Did you finish before midnight?

GL: Yes we did, it was 9 something when we packed up that night.

BC: What’s your title, and what do you do?

GL: My title is Test Engineer. I work directly with senior engineer Mike Valant on all of our various pump programs, and my focus has been on propulsion rather than Lynx structure. I focus mostly on developing the piston pumps we use to run the 5K18 Lynx engines. I’ve also been the day-to-day engineer working on the ULA LH2 development program. It has been an incredibly exciting project.

BC: You have a nickname?
GL: Geo

BC: How many years have you been at XCOR?
GL: Three years–plus a six-month internship. I started as an intern with XCOR while at Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University, started full time after graduating school with a BS in Aerospace Engineering in 2010. The internship was spent mostly working on the X-Racer as ground support crew. I designed the heat exchanger for rapid helium refill on the X-Racer so that it could run seven flights in one day.

BC: On to more important things. What are your guilty pleasures and what video games are you currently playing?

Screen Shot 2013-10-07 at 12.44.29 PM
GL: I’m playing Empire: Total War. It’s a strategy game set in the 1700’s, Revolutionary War era. My guilty pleasure is reading comic books, mostly Sonic the Hedgehog comics and DreamKeepers graphic novels.

the_wayward_astronomer__ch1_by_kafelnikov-d3av70eBC: And you write?
GL: Yes, SciFi, just for fun. It’s a series titled The Wayward Astronomer and it is a big hobby of mine.

BC: What’s your favorite movie?
GL: Pulp Fiction.

BC: What’s your favorite space-themed movie?
GL: Apollo 13.

BC: What are you currently reading?
GL: Most recently it’s 1775: A Good Year for Revolution by Kevin Phillips, about the prelude and startup of the Revolutionary War.

BC: Do you have a favorite saying?
camusGL:“The only way to deal with an unfree world is to become so absolutely free that your very existence is an act of rebellion.” –Albert Camus

BC: Will you fly on Lynx?
GL: Absolutely. I can’t wait for the day that we get to fly. The X-Racer was so much fun, this will be ten times more so.